Social Factors affecting Development:
Indian Economic Development is an growing phase, there are certain factors which act as obstacle in the economic development.
The factors that effect economic development are,
3. Child Marriage
4. Child labour
8. Ethical values.
Unemployment, less time, health problem and social changes are the factors that cause poverty. Poor people frequently meet with illness, disabilities and premature death because of their poverty.
Poverty can never be completely removed but it can be brought to minimum by the effective implementation of poverty alleviation programme by state and central governments.
This is an plays vital role in economic development of a country. Based on education, international agencies are classifying countries as Developed Countries, Developing Countries and the least developed countries. Education also influence in modernization of agriculture technological development.
The number a youths in our country is 212 million and the number of youth employed is 107 million. The factors, that contribute to employment are:
1. High rate of population growth
2. High rate of labour force growth
3. Decline in mortality rate
The rapid population growth in India is attributed due to more birth date, low death rate and also by child marriage. The marriage organized at early ages influenced rapid population growth in India.
The salient features of the policy are as follows,
1. The minimum age of marriage is 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys.
2. Sterilization without compulsion after three children.
3. Increase the monetary compensation for sterilization and group intuitive announced by the central government.
Poverty is a major problem. It is due to less income, unemployment, health problem and social changes. Hence the parents send their children to do small works for a meagre daily income. this leads to malnutrition, ill health of the children which ultimately leads to low level of education in country and lack of man power in future.
The health scenario of India has changed significantly in the past ten years. But still the diseases like AIDS, TB, Malaria, Syphillis, etc,. The main cause for morbidity and mortality. The changing life styles, urbanization, industrialization, etc,. Among various diseases AIDS plays a major hindrance in the economic development in India.
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) caused by Human Deficiency Virus(HIV) has today assumed global threat. HIV infection in India was detected in 1986 and since then the disease has began an alarming spread in the population.
Since there is no preventive measure for this disease, knowledge and awareness among the general population about HIV/AIDS is the only main preventive measure available for the time being.
Cultural and Ethical values:
Social and Cultural factors plays considerable role in the development and growth. In developing countries like India, the activities of the people would be traditional, religious and custom based. The traditional values like morality, truthfulness, contentment, simple living and non materialistic attitudes etc,. Would be favorable to economic growth without affecting the environment.